Week 3: Compound and Complex Sentences

Compound Sentences

Learning Objectives

  • identify compound sentences
  • punctuate compound sentences correctly
  • identify adverb clauses in complex sentences
  • distinguish between compound and complex sentences

Sentence Types

Check week 2 for detail.

  • Simple
  • Compound
  • Complex

Compound Sentences

and, but, or, nor, yet, so

Compound Sentences with Transitions

therefore, however, in addition, thus, furthermore, similarly, otherwise, then, nonetheless, also

Punctuating Transitions in Compound Sentences

Punctuation is different than the conjunctions.

  • I was late to work; therefore, my boss is not happy.
  • Saving money is not easy; however, it is a good habit to follow.
  • Jane needs to buy a new car; also, she needs money for her tuition.
  • He needs to study harder; otherwise, he is not going to pass the class.

Practice

  • John lost his job however he will find another one.
  • The dog ate the food in his bowl and the food in my bowl.
  • The traffic was heavy on the interstate therefore we took a different route.
  • I was reading a book so I didn’t hear you call my name.
  • The teacher checked our homework then she gave us a new assignment.
  • We got wet in the rain thus we had a change clothes.
  • Sodas are not good for your health even drinking diet sodas is a bad idea.

Answer:

  • John lost his job; however, he will find another one.
  • The traffic was heavy on the interstate; therefore, we took a different route.
  • I was reading a book, so I didn’t hear you call my name.
  • The teacher checked our homework; then, she gave us a new assignment.
  • We got wet in the rain; thus, we had a change clothes.
  • Sodas are not good for your health; even drinking diet sodas is a bad idea.

A Third Type of Compound Sentence

  • Susan is very healthy; she usually walks to work.
  • The music was loud; everyone was dancing.

Two sentences that are very closeely related and have the idea of and, use semicolon. (don’t overuse it, e.g. one time per paragraph.)

Summary

  • using a comma and conjunction
  • using a semicolon, a transition, and a comma
  • using a semicolon only

Resources


Adverb Clause

Learning Objectives

  • identify adverb clauses in sentences
  • punctuate adverb clauses correctly in complex sentences
  • distinguish between compound and complex sentences

Complex sentences

  • While Same washed his face, we listened to music.
  • We listened to music while Sam washed his face.
  • Jeff ate an apple when he got home from work.
  • When Jeff got home from work, he ate an apple.
  • After I graduated from college, I started working.
  • I started working after I graduated from college.

Adverb Clause Connector

  • While Sam washed his face

    • While: Adverb clause connector
    • This is not a complete sentence. What’s the rest of the idea?
    • Dependent clause cannot be a sentence.
  • When Jeff got home from work
  • After I graduated from college

When dependent clause starts the sentence, it need to be placed a comma.

Adverb Clause Connectors

after, while, before, if, although, when, since, because

even if, whether or not, in case, unless, so that, even though

  • in the middle of sentence: no comma
  • starts with the connectors: use a comma

Practice

  • We worked late because our project wasn’t finished.
  • Even though you are busy you should eat breakfast.
  • The meeting will be canceled if we don’t have enough people.
  • Mitch is moving to Dallas since he can’t find a job here.
  • Although this book is interesting I don’t have time to read it.
  • Before I cook dinner we need to buy some groceries.
  • I’ll drive us to the concert unless Bob wants to drive.

Answer:

  • Even though you are busy, you should eat breakfast.
  • Although this book is interesting, I don’t have time to read it.
  • Before I cook dinner, we need to buy some groceries.

Summary

  • Use a comma if dependent clause starts a sentence.
  • Don’t use a comma if independent clause starts a sentence.

Additional Resources

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